You are here: HomeForeign RelationsSupervisor of FAR

D. Hesham Allam


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Date of birth : Sep.26,1960
Place of birth : Giza , Egypt
Marital status : Married



•    Management and coordination of research and development horticultural projects.
•    Head of the Horticulture Consultation Unit responsible for establishment of orchards, as well as in situ problem solving.
•    Thorough knowledge and expertise in post-harvest technology.
•    Extensive experience in the areas of harvesting, packaging, refrigeration, packing houses facilities, artificial ripening and transportation of fruits and vegetables to and from various international markets.
•    Broad skills and knowledge in quality control measures and standards for the Egyptian wholesale market as well as for crops used for exportation.
•    Diversified experiments in the use of physical treatments (ozone, hot water, controlled and modified atmosphere, etc.) for maintaining the quality of the produce.
•    Training and teaching experience for farmers, extension staff and exporters in Egypt and other neighboring Arab and African countries





•    Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, March, 1993.
Ph.D. Thesis:    The Effect of Microclimate on Anna Apple Fruit’s Quality and
Storability. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of microclimate conditions during the growing season on fruit development in terms of its physical and chemical characteristics.  It was also targeted to determine the proper stage in which the growers can pick their fruits so as to enhance fruit-keeping quality through the season.

•    Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, November. ‘1988
M.Sc. Thesis: Evaluation and Physiological Studies on New Peach Strains.
This research and study was performed to evaluate the performance of the newly selected strains.


Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt

National coordinator for the project title “Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) for sustainable intensification of the small holder horticulture sector in Egypt”.
TCP/EGY/FAO                            Sep.2013 – till now

The project is requested to help Egypt in capitalizing on available know-how, from within Egypt and from abroad relating to GAP guidelines and water saving technologies for dissemination to small scale farmers. This would help and strengthen the competitiveness of the small scale farming sector and safeguard this sector as an important source of income and employment. It would allow expanding and consolidating the supply chain with safe and high quality vegetables for local market and export.
Duties: National coordinator to implement of the hole project activities including organization of Workshops, meetings, field visits, logistic tasks and supervising the Egyptian team Regarding technical and adminstrative  issues.

Former Director of Horticulture Research Institute - ARC    05/2011 – 10/2013
Ministry of Agriculture

Duties: My supervision extended to about 600 researches and assistants working in 19 research departments and 2 central laboratories beside 6 research experimental stations covering all the governorates in Egypt. During my tenure as a director of the horticulture research institute (ARC- Egypt), I coordinated and developed a master plan for horticultural research policy and strategy that suited development of the Egyptian agriculture.
Our institute's research program carried all spheres related to fruits, vegetables, ornamental and medicinal plants, in addition to my specialized area of fruit and vegetable storage and processing, food safety. Moreover, I also took care of being involved in several public and private research as applied projects on food safety, integrated and organic fruits and vegetables production , protection of genetic resource and in campaign aiming at training farmers , traders , exporter and horticultural engineers or technicians , in close cooperation with the major stakeholders for the sake of development of horticultural production (fruits , vegetables, aromatic plants , production and postharvest activates in Egypt .
Furthermore, my mission was to help to solve bottle neck problems facing growers through holding seminars and extension service activities.
I also was responsible of implementing many bilateral projects of financed by foreign governments or organizations for developing Egyptian horticultural potentials in production and exportation especially in the European Union, USAID and other countries. My responsibility included as well exerting continuous effects to oversee managerial and financial aspects necessary for good function of the institute


 Deputy Director, Horticulture Research Institute            09/2010 – 05/2011

Post-Harvest Technology Department, Horticulture Research Institute

Chief Researcher                            01/2008 –09/2010

Activation of integrated production systems between Italy and Egypt (S.P.I.I.E) project sponsored by CIHEAM – Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Bari – ITALY.                            Oct. 09 – 11/2011


            The project aims to support the creation and enhancement of economic relationships in food production sectors, and will involve actions to support the establishment of partnerships between Italian and Egyptian companies, and to strengthen the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture’s service centre. The project also aims to reinforce institutions, to harmonize voluntary and obligatory standards to ensure free circulation of goods, for development of shared protocols for processing and production for the various crops, and on the promotion of organizations to manage the production chain and establish traceability systems.

Duties : 


 Assistant coordinator to implement of the hole project activities including organization of
    Workshops, meetings, field visits, logistic tasks and supervising the Egyptian team
    Regarding technical and adminstrative  issues.


Agro – Industry & Technology Consultant (FAO/RNE)    05/2008-03/2009
o    Provide policy and technical advice to FAO Members in the Region to strengthen national capacities in agriculture research and form effective partnerships with private sector enterprises to link research outputs to sector needs, including biotechnologies and biosafety.
(Orgnization and participation, along with  6 countries from the Region, in UNIDO International Conference on "Sharing Innovative Agribusiness Solution:from farms to markets, provide know - how and finance" held in Cairo -Egypt from 26 -27 November 2008

o    -Provide polciy and technical advice to FAO Members in the Region to develop capacity in agro-industries to support development of the sector.
(Orgniztion of  the FAO Regional training workshop on "Implementation and application of Traceability system for food supply chain" held in Amman - Jordan from 26 -28 January 2009).

o    -Promote the establishment of effective research, extension, agro-industry and farmer linkages, including through the use of information and communication technologies and media channels.
o    Promote the formulation and use of standards, guidelines and methodologies related to agro-industries, and technologies amoung FAO members in the Region.
(Prepartion and development of traceability and product recall manuals (Olives - Citrus -Dates).
o    -Assisted in the finalization of the Post-harvest manual for printing (English &Arabic) , FAO/RNE


Commodity chain analysis for selected horticulture exports in NENA region
Sponsored by ICARDA-IFAD
o    Analyzing of supply value chain of pomegranate fruits and onion crop in Upper Egypt and assessment of the impact of food losses on socio-economic.
o    Surveying the facilities and the infrastructure of post-harvest technologies and operations for pomegranate and onion crops in Upper Egypt.
o    Identifying opportunities for improving the post –harvest guidelines of pomegranate and onion crops to minimize food losses.
o    Provide field level (national) support on fruit loss assessment and solutions.      

Senior Researcher                                                      07/99 -12/2007
o    Consultant in authoring Post-harvest manuals for Middle-East Countries.  The project was under the supervision of the ADG/Regional Representative, FAO Regional Office for the Near East and the direct technical supervision of the Regional Agro-Industries and Technology Officer
o    Participated in organizing of post-harvest training of trainers held in Amman – Jordan, January 6 –8, 2003 sponsored by FAO.
o    Participated in publish a regional post-harvest specialist directory, funded by FAO.



•    Sub-Regional Consultant, FAO Organization, Nile Valley and Red Sea (Egypt- Sudan- Yemen).                 04/2001 - 02/2002


o    Prepared a report concur in identifying a number of major trends that are affecting the development of the post-harvest sector in the Nile valley and Red Sea Sub-region. These are :
1.    Food security continues to be a major issue. Low agricultural production   and high post-harvest losses in most of the sub-region countries.
2.    Food quality and safety. In some cases unofficial recommendations were made against the consumption of certain produce such as fruits and vegetables, due to possible contamination. Quality standards are developed in many countries but are rarely practiced.
3.    Improvement of research program.
4.    Gender inequality and difficulties faced by women, especially in the rural areas is still a common problem in the sub-region countries.
5.    Suggest strategies for the creation of funds from governmental organizations and non-governmental organization.

6.    Organization a regional workshop funded by F.A.O / GFAR on global initiative on post-harvest technology for the West Asia North Africa (WANA) region held in Cairo - Egypt, 4-6 February 2002.

An Economic Analysis of Food Safety Standards and Its
Implication on Agricultural Trade in the Context of EU-MED
“The Case of SPS Standards and EUREPGAP Requirements”
Sponsored by FEMISE- EU

Project procurement for collecting whole data information from Egyptian exporters related to this research.

The main focus of this research will be on exports of horticultural products from three countries in Mashrek region: Egypt, Syria and Jordan. This research project aims at examining policy, technical and institutional trade disputes that may arise between the EU and MP countries due to agricultural and food safety measures represented in SANITARY AND PHYTOSANITARY (SPS) standards and EUROPGAP. This research will identify what does it take to comply with these measures in terms of appropriate policies, technical and trade procedures while at the same time acknowledging the genuine concerns of all parties about safety and quality of agricultural and food products. The specific objectives of the
study are the following:
o    To identify the technical, institutional and policy constraints faced by governments and exporters (private sector) in the selected countries in meeting
the requirements of SPS and EUREPGAP;
o    To determine the expected trade impact of complying with these standards on the competitiveness of agricultural and food exports;
o    To develop a strategy to meet the food safety requirement through identifying the most appropriate technical and economical means that the EU can best assist the MP countries to improve domestic technical capacity in this area;
o    To analyze the complexity of certain tariff and non-tariff barriers, within the framework of food safety measures, which hinders the trade of agricultural products in several MP with the EU; and
o    To assess the existing SPS standards, the EUREPGAP regulations and the actually applied standards in the studied MP countries and compare them with international standards. This assessment should lead to recommendations on ways and means of harmonizing and simplifying these standards and how to develop an euro-Mediterranean bio-ethic agriculture.

Marketing information project, Agriculture Cooperation Development
International Organization (MIP/ACDI/USAID) 2001 -2004

o    Delivered a set of lectures to extension engineers and growers in different Egyptian Governorates covering various topics such as harvesting system at proper maturity stages, the best packaging of fruits and the need for temperature management.
o    Published a bulletin about handling peach fruits.

MIP’s Economic Project.
o    Evaluation of some handling methods in the field for horticulture crops in order to help growers achieve higher profit margin for their crops
German Egyptian project for improving citrus production (GTZ), 2003

o    Guided the growers in the field for harvesting system at proper maturity stage and the best packaging of fruits.

Middle East Regional Agriculture project funded by DANIDA, 1999 - present

o    Project management of post-harvest component of the project in Egypt.

The objective of the project focuses on increasing regional co-operation and
improving the productivity of the agriculture resource base, dissemination and adaptation of new technologies for especially fruits and vegetables, the activities of post-harvest component are:
1- Capacity building for post-harvest extension services including organizing, preparing and giving training sessions to national extension staff about:
•    The principals of post-harvest for fresh fruits and vegetables.
•    Application of quality control and assurance system for fresh fruits and vegetables, a practical approach.
2- Regional quality assurance and management system.
•    Developed a project proposal for the application of EU quality standards on fresh fruits and vegetables for small scale farmers.
•    Developed a plan for regional quality control and assurance system for fresh fruits and vegetables.
3- Improving marketing and marketing information system.
4-   Improved marketing through research and development (R&D).

Giving a set of lectures to instruct the growers and farmers of the proper post- harvest techniques on Table grapes, pomegranates, citrus and mangoes in Upper Egypt. Sponsored by CARE / USAID    2005- 2006

Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Post-harvest Technology Dept, Horticulture Research Institute

o    Researcher    03/93- 06/99

o    Conducted research in finding new post-harvest handling methods that are suitable for local and external markets. The research focused on different methods in fruits' post-harvest stages including packaging, storing, artificial ripening and marketing. The research aimed at attaining high post-harvest quality to different fruits.
o    Conducted experiments to maintain quality and freshness of medicinal herbs in Egypt (Sage, Rosemary, Basil, Thyum, Dill, coriander, etc). The quality is maintained by using some physical treatments such as cleaning, packing herbs with polyethylene and polypropylene materials and cool chaining. These experiments are sponsored by ATUT/USAID project. The purpose was to increase the exportation of fresh herbs toward international markets.
o    Conducted experiments to apply post-harvest handling methods of the research to solve various problems that are associated with enhancing fruit quality preservation such as picking at appropriate maturity stage, proper packaging, suitable storage environment and transportation means.
o    Directed training sessions for agriculture extension agents on the preparation of fruits and vegetables for fresh market including harvesting systems at proper maturity stages, the best packaging of fruits and vegetables and the need for temperature management in different Egyptian Governorates.

Agricultural Technology Utilization Transfer (ATUT) Project, USAID, Egypt, A collaborative project between Horticultural Institute in Egypt and Florida, University in USA sponsored by ATUT/USAID 1999 – 2002.

o The objective of the project is to introduce new varieties and rootstocks of
Mangos and study their post-harvest technology behavior. The project studied the
effect of some safe treatment methods to prolong the storage life of Mango fruits for exportation.
o Conducting extensive research for analyzing the physical and chemical properties of Mangos during storage period.
o Several properties were analyzed amongst which are: weight loss, peel & flesh color, soluble solids, acidity and the contents for sugar, vitamin C and carotene pigment.

o    Consultant
o    Marketing information project, Agriculture Cooperation Development
International Organization (MIP/ACDI/USAID)    02/96 – 10/97

o The objective of the project is to collect data information of fruits and vegetables.
This data comprises daily prices, packaging types, production areas, observations
on unstable prices and observations on crops’ quantity and quality.  The information was gathered from wholesale markets and published in different
mass communication media for growers such as: newspapers, radio and TV.
o Delivered a set of lectures to instruct the growers and farmers of the proper post- harvest techniques.
o Contributed to setting the standards of quality for the various fruit and vegetable produce in order to help growers achieve higher profit margin for their crops

Horticultural Research Institute, Plant Pathology Research Institute and experts from Chile- joints project between USAID and Ministry of Agriculture in Egypt. T.T.C/NARP USAID – Cairo    07/94

o The objective of the project is to improve the quality of Egyptian table grapes for exportation.
o Determined the nature of fruit losses in table grapes for export
o Predicted the potential post-harvest rot (fungus infection) Egyptian table grapes
harvested for export.
o Assessed the quality of packaged table grapes for export
University of California, Davis, USA

o    Post Doctorate Researcher    11/93 - 0 4/94

o The objective of the project was the Effectiveness of ozone and high CO2 atmospheres as alternatives to methyl bromide fumigation for control of insects and decay on fruits and vegetables.
o    Studied the effect of Ozone gas on the Kiwi and orange fruits. The study analyzed the effect on the two fruits in terms of different quality parameters such as: weight loss, firmness, peel firmness & moisture content (orange only), color, external injury, soluble solids, treatable acidity, respiration and ethylene production rates.
o    Studied the effect of controlled atmosphere on banana ripening. The study aimed to prolong the storage life of the fruit for exportation through analyzing different quality parameters such as: respiration and ethylene rate, firmness, color, rate of external browning, starch and PH.

Collaborative project sponsored by National Agriculture Research Project (NARP) and the US Agency for International Development in Cairo, Egypt and administered by the USDA/Foreign Agricultural Service.  6/93 – 9/95

o    The objective of the project was to study the physical treatments for the maintenance of quality in fresh horticultural produce. The study aimed to develop needed information on the post-harvest biology of fruits, vegetables and ornamentals produced in Egypt and California for export.  Researches were conducted on various physical techniques with potential ability to reduce post- harvest losses due to chilling injury, physical damage, diseases or insect infestation, including new packaging technologies, variable temperature regimes, and use of modified/controlled atmospheres.
o    Researched the efficacy of hot water treatments for decay control as evaluated on apricot, banana and mango fruits.  Fruits were dipped in hot water (temperature and duration dependent on each commodity) and cooled to the storage temperature with cold air. Quality attributes (including flesh firmness, color, acidity and sugar content) and weight loss rate were also evaluated during
o    Studied the controlled atmosphere storage on banana fruits ripening.
Investigated the modified atmosphere packaging of some citrus fruits in Egypt.
The study aimed to improve the marketability of fruits through analyzing different quality attributes such as water loss rate, the percentage of juice, color, acidity, vitamin C percentage and soluble solids.

Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Post-harvest Technology, Horticulture Research Institute

o    Assistant Researcher    11/88 - 03/93

o    Participated in the researches which aim to study the use of various types of plastic films as box liners for packaging of fruits in order to reduce water loss, abrasion damage and spread of decay during transport,
storage and marketing.
o    Carrying out experiments and researches on peach fruits the Master’s thesis: "Evaluation and physiological studies on some new peach strains."
Ministry of Agriculture in Oman

•    Consultant    9/87 – 12/87

o    Trained the agriculture research team on Post-harvest biology and technology.  The training covered different aspects such as harvesting systems, packaging, storing at proper temperature for horticulture crops and controlling the quality factors of fruits and vegetables.
o    Published a bulletin about handling the fruits grown in Oman.
Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Post-harvest Technology Dept, Horticulture Research Institute
•    Agriculture Specialist    02/85 - 11/88

o    Surveyed a wide range of crops for how they respond to changes in the physical environment (i.e. refrigerated storage, initial heat treatments and modified atmosphere).
o    Investigated the biochemical and physiological effects of these changes in the physical environment.

Received a course on “Managing the Export Produce Business” in the
Ministry of Agriculture, Cairo, Egypt - 7/94.
•  Attended lectures of Post-harvest Physiology and Handling of Horticultural
Commodities in California University, Davies - 12/93. The training course covered a wide span of fruits including strawberries, banana, pineapple, papaya and mangos.
•  Visited the United Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Associations 90th Annual
Convention and Exposition, San Diego, USA, 1993.
•  Study tour to UK and Denmark in May 2000. The aim of this study to visit quality inspection services which it is achieved by government, to visit agribusiness projects such as packing and grading centers of fresh fruits and vegetables and typical agricultural farms in order to see the various post-harvest stages occurred in these countries and to visit the agricultural marketing bodies and organization such as marketing boards and wholesale markets.
•  Attended the 5th International post-harvest symposium held in Verona- Italy in June 2004.
•  Attended the workshop on Improving the quality and safety of fresh fruits and vegetables: a practical approach, organized by FAO in Cairo – Nov.
•  Participated in the first ISHS international symposium on fresh food quality standards. May 7 – 11, 2006 - Amman – Jordan
•  Attended Regional training workshop on quality management and value addition for SMAEs in the NENA Region which was held in Muscat, Oman from 1 – 4 December, 2012. Organized by FAO
•  Participated in Expert Consultation meeting on food losses and waste reduction which was held in Sharm Elsheikh, Egypt. 18 – 19 December
2012. Organized by FAO


•  The use of environmental safety chemicals on fruits.
•  The use of ultrasonic nondestructive methods for measuring maturity of fruits.
•  The effect of ozone and storage temperature on post-harvest diseases.
•  The use of physical treatments (modified atmosphere, hot water immersion, vapor heat…..etc) to control insects on the fruits.


1.   "Extending Storage Life of Mango by Individual Seal packaging", Egyptian Journal of
Agriculture Research, 74/3, 1996.
2.   "Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Some Citrus Fruits in Egypt", Egyptian-Hungarian
Horticulture Conference in 1996, Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt.
3.   "Post-harvest Fungal Decay and Internal Breakdown of EL-Amar Apricots as Affected by Hot Water Treatments", First International Conference for Plant Pathology Research
Institute, 1997.
4.   "Treatments to Prolong Storage Life of Apricots", Menofiya Journal of Agriculture
Research, 22/4, 1997.
5.   "Delaying Banana Fruits Ripening by Controlled Atmosphere Storage", Mansoura
University Journal of Agriculture Science, 23/4, 1998.
6.   "Supplementary Safe Treatments to Reduce Decay of Stored Citrus Species", Menofiya Journal of Agriculture Research, 23/4, 1998.
7.   "Physiological Studies and Post-harvest Behavior of Some Newly Grape Cultivars", J.Agric.Sci.MansouraUniv.,24 (3):1267-1281, 1999
8.   "Effect of Storage Temperatures on Keeping Quality of Some Sinai Peach Fruits",
J.Agric.Sci.Mansoura Univ., 24 (3): 1283-1291, 1999.
9.   "Effect of Storage Temperature on Mango Fruits", The Fifth Arabian Horticulture
Conference, Ismailia, Egypt, 2001.
10. “Testing Some Methods To Preserve Quality of Semi Dried Dates”, Egyptian- Hungarian Horticulture Conference in 2002, Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt
11. “Different packaging treatments for Avocado shelf life prolongation”, J. Agric. Sci.
Mansoura Univ., 28 (8): 6311 – 6319, 2003.
12. "Natural methods for peach color enhancement" Egypt J.Agric.Res.,84 (2) 2006.
13. "Effect of heat shock on Mango fruits quality during cold storage." The Sixth
Arabian Horticulture Conference, Ismailia, Egypt, 2005.
14. "Middle East Regional Agriculture program. Survey on post-harvest losses of
Tomato fruits and Table grapes" Acta Horticulture 682, vol.2, pp. 1049 – 1056.
15. "Quality maintenance of cactus pear fruits as fresh cut products." Minufiya J. Agric.
Res. Vol. 32 No: 4 pp. 1125 – 1141., 2007
16."Influence of the exposure to some gases on the physical activity and quality of banana Fruit" Minufiya J. Agric. Res. Vol. 32 No:5 pp. 1491 – 1506, 2007
17. "Study of storage ability and quality parameters of two prickly pear cultivars grown
Under South Tahrir environments. Egypt. J. of Appl. Sci., 22 (11) 2007.
18."Use of natural oil and leaf extracts of lemon and orange to control green mold
caused by Penicillium Digitatum and to maintain fruit quality during cold storage of
Valencia  orange. Egypt.J. of Appl. Sci., 22 (11) 2007.

19."Use of natural edible coatings as an alternative of commercial wax to maintain navel orange fruits quality during cold storage. Egypt.J. of Appl. Sci., 22 (12) 2007.